Monday, May 25, 2020

Literary analysis of Emily Dickenson poems Free Essay Example, 1500 words

However, her navigation skills of domestic based on writing beautiful lyrics of nature with her imagination is quite appealing. Analysis and comparison of three of her poems Based on the tragic life experiences that she faced throughout her life, this has led to the theme of death that is easily recognizable in some of her poems. Three of the poems that greatly illustrate this theme are â€Å"I heard a fly buzz when I died†, â€Å"Because I could not stop for death† and â€Å"I died for beauty†. The three poems are all about death. I heard a fly buzz when I died â€Å"I heard a fly buzz when I died†, is mainly about the preparation process before a person dies and the experience of the final moment. This poem is told by a woman that is still speaking but continues to hear things upon her waited death. Based on the fact that the woman that is dead can still speak, the poet feels that dying is incessant and continuous. In the poem the dead woman has already made her will and assigned the assignable and now all she does is sit and wait for the King to arrive. We will write a custom essay sample on Literary analysis of Emily Dickenson poems or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now She tends to hear the fly that will soon have a place with her in the grave as she dies and later decays (Dickinson, 2001, p. 34). The poem is quite unusual and ironic because it tends to be concerned with the most serious moments in a person’s life but on the other hand it is distracted by most trivial experiences in life. The first line of the poem tries to show her final moment as she is lying on her bed waiting to die and surrounded by family. At this point she claims that â€Å"I heard a fly buzz when I died. † The poem tends to start with quite a rare and an unusual claim: to physically hear something when you are on the verge of dying. A theme that keeps on occurring on Dickinson’s poetry work is that death is simply an extension of life (Dickinson, 2001, p35). The poet claim of sound upon dying clearly elaborates this concept. The speaker is kept company by her family as they sit with her waiting to see their loved one d ie. Such a moment should be a serious moment that is quite crucial for any individual but despite this there seems to be a fly that is buzzing in the room. The appearance of the fly aspect is stealing the show as well as the attention of everyone due to the fact that the room â€Å"Was like the stillness in the air† (Dickinson, 2001, p. 36). The woman is mostly aggravated by the fly distraction because death is known to be unexplainable but despite these there are certain normal distractions such as seeing and receiving forgiveness from God or seeing a bright white light when entering heaven yet the woman only hears the fly buzz.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Dr. Andrew Saul Effective For Combating Symptoms Of...

Often times people experiencing depression find themselves on pharmaceuticals. For some, this method works successfully without any sort of difficulty. For others, these medications can cause increased symptoms which can send the patient on a wild goose chase looking for other medications that will work without causing worse symptoms. If you find yourself in the latter category, you may consider trying a few natural methods that are known to be effective for combating symptoms of depression. These natural options can many times be all it takes to help people with depression stay off of medications they are finding difficult to be on. B Vitamins While I owned and operated my own health food store, I learned from a local nutritionist in my area, that countries with socialized medicine were obligated to first try B vitamins prior to prescribing anti-depressants. This spoke loudly to me as to just how powerful B vitamins can be for our mental well being. The B vitamin niacin in particu lar, is often used by holistic practitioners in higher doses to help alleviate symptoms of depression. Dr. Andrew Saul, an advocate of vitamin therapy, in a film called Food Matters, speaks of using niacin in doses of 3,000 milligrams and above, until symptoms of depression subside. This may seem extreme, however it is quite effective for many who ve tried it. Exercise Aerobic exercise can be a powerful tool to use in preventing depression. Either running, biking, swimming, or other aerobicShow MoreRelatedStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 Pages637 663 616 623 Contents Preface xxii 1 1 Introduction What Is Organizational Behavior? 3 The Importance of Interpersonal Skills 4 What Managers Do 5 Management Functions 6 †¢ Management Roles 6 †¢ Management Skills 8 †¢ Effective versus Successful Managerial Activities 8 †¢ A Review of the Manager’s Job 9 Enter Organizational Behavior 10 Complementing Intuition with Systematic Study 11 Disciplines That Contribute to the OB Field 13 Psychology 14 †¢ Social Psychology 14 †¢ Sociology

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Controversy Over Modern Vs. Alternative Medicine - 1206 Words

Controversy Over Modern vs. Alternative Medicine. All around the world, doctors have been debating whether or not modern medicine is a better treatment than alternative medicine. Throughout the years this controversy has changed the way some people live and helped them decide how to raise their children. Modern medicine relies on modern technologies, scientific values as well as scientifically proved procedures for purposes of preventing, diagnosing, and treating adverse medical conditions. Today, many people are now opting toward Alternative which is also called Complementary Alternative Medicine (CAM) .For example since the 1980s â€Å"Patients use of CAM therapies has grown ... in the United States CAM in- creasingly is†¦show more content†¦Many who prefer alternative medicine are influenced by religious reasons. The majority of people s daily lives and choices are influenced by reli- gion and cultural beliefs. The providers of alternative and modern medicine take a stand to say they did not differ in spirituality, but a higher percentage of acupuncturists strongly agreed with the statement that they tried to carry their religious beliefs into the rest of their lives(Curlin). The interconnection in religion and the belief of the medicine provider sets the understanding that alternative medicine is often based on traditional knowledge, which is why there is sometimes not always enough scientific evidence available about their safety and usefulness. Overtime, people tend to become attracted to alternative medicine â€Å"because there s a perceived health benefit start to embrace the reli- gious ideas underneath these practices (Moon). Due to their beliefs, they become more attached to their religious beliefs and internally attached to their cultural norms. The modern medicine is more towards curing the patient with the shortest time frame possible. â€Å"The assumption that there s a sort of spiritual energy at work† (Moon), is explained in Healer Beware: Are We Ignoring the Non-Christian Roots of Alternative Medicine? by Ruth Moon. Alternative medicine is also intertwi- ned spirituality and reaching in to help the patient improve and heal from the inside.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

A Case Study On Rolls Royce Enterprise Resource Planning

Question: Enterprise Resource Planning: A Case Study of Rolls Royce. Answer: Introduction Kodama (2013) opined that during the recent economic and financial crises, majority of the organization consolidates their ICT services and infrastructure in terms of increasing Return on Investment. Therefore, in order to implement reliable and affective Information System towards business, majority of the organizations are using Enterprise system tools such as SAP- r2/r3, etc. SAP is the most valuable and potential software package of ERP system that allows the organization in identifying the core values as well as issues. Ahmad Cuenca (2013) cited that, SAP software application allows the firm in focusing the technical and business aspects including cultural issues within the firm. This particular study firmly focuses on analyzing the implementation of the cloud Enterprise System within the operational process of Rolls Royce. Analyst discusses the several business process modeling tools that get benefitted by the organization. Apart from that, implementation processes and procedures of ES have been also analyzed in this report. 1. Background of the Selected Company (Rolls Royce) It has been analyzed that Rolls Royce is one of the most famous global company in the industry of car manufacturing. Roll Royce is providing high efficiency based vehicles within the integrated options of power and propulsion solution. According to the management of Rolls Royce, power system of the company is used in Marine, off-highway applications, aerospace, etc. Therefore, management of the Rolls Royce identified that they have to implement automatic business process and access the information timely. Apart from that, CEO of the Rolls Royce identified that they have to improve their supply chain management process through e-commerce as the company currently leading globally. Figure: Official Logo of Rolls-Royce 2. Implementation of Cloud based Enterprise System (SAP-r3) 2.1 Requirements of Cloud Based ES at Rolls Royce In todays competitive world the companies that try to get the advantage, flexibility, scalability, and independence tends to adopt the cloud enterprise systems. The traditional ES systems were bulky in the size and are expensive and complex in implementation (Al-Johani et al., 2013). To improve this situation most of the business and the Rolls Royce tends and needs, implement the cloud based ES software package especially SAP-r3 is required. The hurdles like increasing competition, expansion of the market, rising consumer expectations (Puklavec et al., 2015). It will helps the Rolls Royce in improving profitability and making more Return on Investment and also minimizing the total cost of supply value chain, the throughput times, inventory costs. To achieve this goal the company or the organization needs to reduce the use of internal as well as external resources. In order to fulfill these needs of Rolls Royce to survive in the competitive market a new web based infrastructure has been developed known as "Virtual Enterprise resource planning." In extending to this, the cloud enterprise systems were designed. This cloud ES can help the organization to re-engineer the its business practices and consequently helping the team to survive in the global competition. In this report we try to what are the different types of cloud ES service models are available and deployment methods of those service models (Salleh et al., 2012). To develop the idea about the enterprise cloud system we searched the web for the keywords cloud ES, Software as a Service, and Cloud Computing. Since this are the keywords that are commonly used while describing the cloud ES. In the present business scenario, the traditional enterprise systems cannot support the challenges of the e-business and is data requirements. Therefore, to accommodate this requirement, there must be a new web based ES that would be modular, separable and pluggable. Because of this requirement the cloud, computing provided a solution. By providing the resources in a standardized and virtualized environment through the cloud services. The traditionally deployed ERP models can be divided into the following principal categories. A solution is termed as ERP II, which makes an inclusion of the planning of the materials, which are traditional. It has the functionality of order entry and distribution, which is strengthened by the management of customer relationship and human resources. The Enterprise System implementations are the activity where ERP-II can be utilized for more to make the whole system be more effective. The organizations in New Zealand have made an investment of near $800 million for the expenditures in Enterprise implementation. In such cases, failure will lead to loss in short term and business opportunities, which are missed. Despite the costs, which are big, there is a little research, which makes the examination for the implementation of ES through the help of ERP-II. This research is been reported on the basis of the community staying at New Zealand. Such practice of usage is implemented in the companies in New Zealand. (Pai Rane, 2014). The system installed there has the capability for quick, accurate and consistent operation in the entire organization. The integration of ERP-II in ES implementation makes a delivery of the information instantly to the employees, who require it. It makes a management of the access to the information through the establishment of the roles of security and the ratings that define that employee who makes the usage of the particular information. It also makes the addressing of the issue for the locations of multiple offices of the companies in New Zealand through making a web-based solution. Such solution makes the employees for accessing the system no matter where they stay. In today's era, companies in New Zealand are making more utilization of the internet. The Internet is not just a tool for sending e-mails, single transaction commerce, and research but it's converted to a tool for the globalization of their business. The tools that approve the organization for making tie up with the other employees, customers and the suppliers. It enables the information free flow and the solution of the next generation that will be built upon it. The total set up can take place only after a successful amalgamation of ERP-II in Enterprise System implementation. ERP II is the extended version of the ERP system used in the companies in New Zealand for ES implementation, which includes Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) and Supplier Relationship Management (SRM) (Wu et al.,2014). The Management of Product Lifecycle consists of Product Data Management that enables the enterprises for bringing innovative and the products, which are profitable. It is done for practical marketing especially in the evolution of the environment of e-business. The lifecycle management of the product enables the enterprises for harnessing the process of innovation through the efficient management of life cycle of full product definition in the companies in New Zealand, which can be extended. The Supplier Relationship Management of ERP II is the analogy of vendor side to the CRM, which is aimed at the supplier management base (Huang Handfield, 2015). It is also a part to be done for ES implementation. There is a rapid transition of the SRM which has a competitive advantage to a necessity (Wolf Sacks, 2013). Such functions are given through combining the processes of best practices of the companies in New Zealand and their technologies. They are like management of product data, visualization, integration of enterprise application, management of components supplier, management of knowledge, etc. The role of ERP II systems in ES implementation to optimize the supply chain through collaborating with the trade partners of the companies in New Zealand. The domain of ERP II systems will make crossing all the sectors and the segments of the business. They make a focus provide broad functionality for the users. The ERP II system in ES implementation makes the connection with the partners of trading, for taking the processes that are beyond the enterprise's boundaries. 2.1.1 Configuration on a hardware In this method, the software system is pre-configured and installed. The system consists of the best practices in the industries, or can be specific to the workflow of an industry. 2.1.2 Managed services In this method, a third party hosts a licensed processor application acquired by the organization. This hosting can be implemented on the separate hardware. In this way when third party hosts the service, this third party delivers the utilities of the service on the user organization on a subscription basis. 2.1.3 On-demand deployment In this deployment method, the software system is not licensed or acquired by the end user. Instead of that, the organization uses it as a service. For this service, the organization pays for subscription fees. 2.1.4 On-premise services In this method, the licensed software is installed on a particular system that resides in the organization premise. The selection between the above methods depends on a combination of functionality, cost, and ease of access and speed of implementation. Figure 1: Cloud Management System The differences between the actual ES and the cloud ES are, i) In the case of cloud ES system the users in the organization access the services through the cloud that is only relevant to their business. ii) Instead of buying the whole ES in the case of cloud ES the organization has the independence to buy the system on pay as you go basis. Also, the cloud ES is the option in which multiple users can reach out the same resources at the same time without upgrading the software and spending a lot of money on buying new equipment. In this way, the cloud ES provides much more flexibility and agility to the organization's performance (Al-Ghofaili et al., 2014). 3. ES implementation through business process modeling tools The tools for business process modeling provide the users of the business with the ability for modeling their business processes in implementing ES. The tools also make the implementation and execution of the models and refinement of the models that are based on the data, which is executed. In result, the tools for business process modeling can provide the transparency into the processes of business, as well as make the centralization of the models of the corporate business process and the metrics of execution (Marrella et al., 2015). Figure 2: Business Process Management Life Cycle The management of the business process is the field of management that is focused on the alignment of the organizations with the needs and wants of the clients. It is the approach of holistic management, which makes a promotion of the effectiveness of the business and efficiency for striving the flexibility, innovation, and integration with the technology. As the organization makes a strive attain their objectives, the management of business process attempts for continuous improvement of the processes. The methods of making the definition, measurement and improvement are all over defined as the process of optimization to implement Enterprise Systems. The business process modeling is an important chapter for the understanding and restructuring of the activities and information that the companies in New Zealand use for achieving its goals for the business. Through the modeling tool such as the Enterprise Architect, you can make the modeling, documents and restructuring of those processes and the flows of information using the industry standard UML and the notation of Business Process Modeling. Best of all, the designs of the processes and the models can be used for driving the process restructuring. The ERP allows the corporate management of the companies in New Zealand and makes an aiming for the integration of the functional systems such as the finance, manufacturing, distribution and procurement. The business process modeling tools allow those companies for replacing their existing information system and also helping for standardizing the management information flow. It is regarded as the next step in the ERP II model's evolution (Ioannou Dimitriou, 2012). The ERP II model used in the companies, which is termed as MRP II, actually makes a formation of the essential core of ERP. However, the systems of ERP do not contain the modules, which are not employed in MRP II. The MRP II of those companies consist individual modules such as the Tool Management System (TMS), Distribution Resource Planning (DRP), Product Data Management (PDM) (Stark, 2015), Computer Aided Design (CAD) (u-Babi  et al., 2014). The system makes a usage of the management of a relational database that is under a control of the architecture of client-server for capturing valuable data of the management. The tools can support organizations all the virtual areas throughout all the units of business, departmental functions and plants. The ERP system's development for ES implementation is within the large group of manufacturing that makes the requirement integrate the practices of working. Through the help the business process managing tools in ES implementation, the companies in New Zealand will have the benefits, which are mentioned below (Osterwalder Pigneur, 2013). The automation of the business process. Managing the information for accessing it in time. Improving the supply chain through the usage of E-commerce and E-communication. Figure 3: Business Process Model of Rolls Royce A task, which is required for the implementation of the Enterprise system of ERP is for understanding the difference between the modules and functions (Nettstrater et al., 2015). Such features are stated as the physical tasks, which are performed by the company. The enormous growth of the packages of Microsoft Windows and the Internet are used as the tools, which are collaborative. The business process managing devices actually take them to new heights of efficiency, which enables them for moving the financial data that is from one department to the other. As the ES implementation is successfully done through the ERP-II and business process management tools in the companies of New Zealand, it makes a linkage of all the areas that includes manufacturing, human resources, order management, financial systems and the distribution of the suppliers of the external environment and its customers who are into a secure integrated system having data of shared visibility. The benefits, which are potential, include the drastic declination in the inventory that is the breakthrough reduction of the working capital (Laguna Marklund, 2013). The sufficient information about the need of the customer along with the ability for viewing and managing the supplier has extended enterprise and its customers in totality. The business process managing tools such as Enterprise Architect used in the companies in New Zealand is not enough for planning the resources; that is required for running the enterprise. They are required for running the business and need to be managed as well. The organization should assess itself for seeing if it is ready for the business process managing tools. Therefore, the effective utilization of the tools is needed on the mandatory basis for the prosperity of the organization. 2.2 Process of ES at Rolls Royce An ERP project tem consist of a management team and specialists from external outsourcing company EDS. The EDS consist of people having talent in the SAP. Also in this team there are internal managers and employees .the employees have vital knowledge about the different business relationships. These teams also have its own ES planning team. This team is responsible for the implementation and the changes to the systems. There are problems that are related to the implementation of the system. These problems can be categorized into cultural, business, and technical problems. 3. Advantages in Cloud Based ES (SAP-r3) for Rolls Royce The huge advantage that is provided by the cloud ES when compared to traditional ES, on-premise ES is the low initial cost. The cloud ES also provides emphasize on standardization, flexibility for business innovation. The organization can focus on developing their business strategies while the maintenance, development, the cloud vendor can manage deployment. Use of this cloud ES reduces the spending on upgrades, data ownership (Duan et al., 2014). Business Process Automation: Before the year of 2003 the company the purchasing groups buying goods from the Rolls Royce were using a manual and paper based purchasing process. This things lead to the unauthorized purchases of the products. Therefore, to stop this, and bring automation to the purchase process the organization decided to introduce the E-procurement strategy (Osterwalder et al., 2013). This is a web based ordering system having catalogues. This helped the end users to order the products through online platform and not from the purchase department. In this way the company automated the process of the selling is products. Proper Access for Management Information: As the Enterprise system has a centralized data storage then also provides authenticated access to the database then it helps in restricting the unauthorized data access and alterations of the data. In this way only the persons with the authority can have the proper access to the organizational database. Improvement of Supply Chain Management: The implementation of the provides the complete view of the supply chain for a organization. By using, the traditional or the manual process wasnt possible. Using the ES the organization can monitor its plants, inventories, Suppliers etc. Started from the ordering to the delivery of the finished goods to the customers can be tracked using the system. The ES systems also helps in the bridging the gap between the supplier and the organization using the ES all the partners in the business can share vital data in real time. 4. Challenges in Cloud based Enterprise System for Rolls Royce Although the cloud ES provides the advantages like security, flexibility, customization, ownership, the integrity of the data (Duan et al., 2013). At the same time, the large business houses find it unnecessary to switch from the on-premise ES to the cloud ES. Tradeoff: Since the switch between the existing system and the newly installed system may cause tradeoffs. Although there is a reduction in cost for the installation and maintenance, the potential client organizations questions of the possibility of managing all the network traffic and the data from a single point. Also, other issues act like hinders in the way of adopting the cloud ES. The challenges like interoperability, migration, portability are also acted like the problem for the organizations. Migration: Like the teams who try to migrate from one provider to another, they lose the control over the infrastructure, platform and data. Integration with the in-house ES is also a customization problem that is faced by the enterprises. Ownership of data: The ES system fails to give the sense of ownership of the data. The reason behind this issue is neither the infrastructure nor the applications are owned by the organization (Al-Ghofaili Al-Mashari, 2014). Technical problems as if a start-up could not afford an internet connectivity with higher bandwidth then the organization cannot operate its business using the cloud ES. Conclusion It has been discussed throughout the topic that cloud based system is an essential and integral part in todays management information system architecture. For efficient and effective utilization of data, various companies have adopted the policies to have cloud enterprises. They are about to implement the Enterprise Systems through ERP II which can address their requirements in a more comprehensive way. For smooth process of the entire organization, an amalgamation of ERP II and cloud based enterprises should be recommended to be implementing the enterprise system. In such cases, a regular monitoring is required for the successful process implementation. If such integration takes place in an organization then it will see a success in the near future. References Ahmad, M. M., Cuenca, R. P. (2013). Critical success factors for ERP implementation in SMEs.Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing,29(3), 104-111. Al-Ghofaili, A. A., Al-Mashari, M. A. (2014, August). ERP system adoption traditional ERP systems vs. cloud-based ERP systems. InInnovative Computing Technology (INTECH), 2014 Fourth International Conference on(pp. 135-139). IEEE. Al-Johani, A. A., Youssef, A. E. (2013). A framework for ERP systems in SME based on cloud computing technology.International Journal on Cloud Computing: Services and Architecture,3(3), 1-14. Amid, A., Moalagh, M., Ravasan, A. Z. (2012). Identification and classification of ERP critical failure factors in Iranian industries.Information Systems,37(3), 227-237. u-Babi , N., Rebolj, D., Nekrep-Perc, M., Podbreznik, P. (2014). Supply-chain transparency within industrialized construction projects.Computers in Industry,65(2), 345-353. Duan, J., Faker, P., Fesak, A., Stuart, T. (2013). Benefits and drawbacks of cloud-based versus traditional ERP systems.Proceedings of the 2012-13 Course on Advanced Resource Planning. Huang, Y. Y., Handfield, R. B. (2015). Measuring the benefits of ERP on supply management maturity model: a Big Data method.International Journal of Operations Production Management,35(1), 2-25. Iacob, M. E., Meertens, L. O., Jonkers, H., Quartel, D. A., Nieuwenhuis, L. J., Van Sinderen, M. J. (2014). From enterprise architecture to business models and back.Software Systems Modeling,13(3), 1059-1083. Ioannou, G., Dimitriou, S. (2012). Lead time estimation in MRP/ERP for make-to-order manufacturing systems.International Journal of Production Economics,139(2), 551-563. Jain, D., Sharma, Y. (2016). Cloud computing with ERP-A pushes business towards higher efficiency.Annual Research Journal of SCMS Pune,4. Kodama, M. (2013). ICT Capability and Knowledge Integration. InCompeting through ICT Capability(pp. 189-234). Palgrave Macmillan UK. Laguna, M., Marklund, J. (2013).Business process modeling, simulation, and design. CRC Press. Marrella, A., Mecella, M., Russo, A., Steinau, S., Andrews, K., Reichert, M. (2015, October). Data in Business Process Models, A Preliminary Empirical Study (Short Paper). In2015 IEEE 8th International Conference on Service-Oriented Computing and Applications (SOCA)(pp. 116-122). IEEE. Nettstrter, A., Geien, T., Witthaut, M., Ebel, D., Schoneboom, J. (2015). Logistics Software Systems and Functions: An Overview of ERP, WMS, TMS and SCM Systems. InCloud Computing for Logistics(pp. 1-11). Springer International Publishing. Osterwalder, A., Pigneur, Y. (2013).Business model generation: a handbook for visionaries, game changers, and challengers. John Wiley Sons. Pai, A., Rane, S. (2014). Development and implementation of maintenance management module of enterprise resource planning in the maintenance of power plant.International Journal of System Assurance Engineering and Management,5(4), 534-543. Puklavec, B., Oliveira, T., Popovic, A. (2014). Unpacking Business Intelligence Systems Adoption Determinants: An Exploratory Study of Small and Medium Enterprises.Economic and Business Review for Central and South-Eastern Europe,16(2), 185. (2016).Rolls-Royce Motor Cars Home. [online] Available at: [Accessed 6 Jun. 2016]. Salleh, S. M., Teoh, S. Y., Chan, C. (2012, July). Cloud Enterprise Systems: A Review Of Literature And Its Adoption. InPACIS(p. 76). Singh, K., Best, P. J., Bojilov, M., Blunt, C. (2013). Continuous auditing and continuous monitoring in ERP environments: case studies of application implementations.Journal of Information Systems,28(1), 287-310. Stark, J. (2015).Product lifecycle management(pp. 1-29). Springer International Publishing. Wolf, W. G., Sacks, D. L. (2013).U.S. Patent No. 8,495,045. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Wu, W. H., Fang, L. C., Wang, W. Y., Yu, M. C., Kao, H. Y. (2014). An advanced CMII-based engineering change management framework: the integration of PLM and ERP perspectives.International Journal of Production Research,52(20), 6092-6109.ACIS.

Saturday, April 11, 2020

Positive and Negative Consequences of the Unitary Executive Theory free essay sample

The unitary executive theory argues that the president of the United States has complete executive power that is unchecked by the Legislative branch and the Judicial branch. This controversial theory has been invoked repeatedly by the Bush administration and previous presidents such as Nixon and Franklin Roosevelt in justification of their boldest actions, both at home and abroad. The negative consequence of the unitary executive theory are the direct violations the people right to privacy by monitoring, without search warrants, the phone calls, Internet activity (Web, e-mail, etc. ), text messaging, and other communication involving any party believed by the NSA to be outside the U. S. , even if the other end of the communication lies within the U. S . Another example would be during the Reagan administration in the Iran-Contra Affair. In 1985, President Ronald Reagans administration supplied weapons to Iran a sworn enemy in hopes of securing the release of American hostages held in Lebanon by Hezbollah terrorists loyal to the Ayatollah Khomeini, Irans leader. We will write a custom essay sample on Positive and Negative Consequences of the Unitary Executive Theory or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The profits from these sales to the Contra rebels fighting to overthrow the Sandinista government of Nicaragua were illegally diverted. A law must be consistent, universal, published, accepted and enforced by the commander in chief. But in some cases morality might create a gray area where presidents sometimes have to navigate, thus forcing them to assert their executive power to a level which sometimes violates the constitution. A perfect example would be when President Abraham Lincoln, responding to a Confederate attack on Fort Sumter in South Carolina, does not wait for Congress to begin its next session to make his response. Instead, Lincoln, wielding powers that the Constitution does not grant him and without a formal declaration of war, drastically enlarges the Union’s army and navy, blockades Southern ports, spends money not appropriated by Congress, and arrests Northern citizens suspected of being Confederate sympathizers. All of these steps exceeded his authority under the Constitution and under federal law. Lincoln addresses Congress as soon as it reconvenes, admitting that he has exceeded his authority and refusing to argue that his actions are lawful based on any â€Å"prerogative of power† nherent to the presidency. Presidents are elected to be leaders and once in a while have to make a decision to respond immediately to sudden crisis. Furthermore I believe that the unitary executive theory is not technically correct. At the very least congress always holds the power to impeach the president, which is an executive power because congress can initiate enforcement. The impeachment of President Clinton is a famous example.

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

10 Signs It’s Time to Quit Your Job

10 Signs It’s Time to Quit Your Job Let’s be honest: many of us aren’t in our dream jobs, for whatever reasons. And even if you are working in your ideal field, there’s a good chance that the experience isn’t what you daydreamed it would be. It’s important to know when it might be time to cut bait and start over in a new role. 1. You dread going to work in the morning.If you hit your snooze button 15 times or roll out of bed every morning frowning about what your day holds, this is a problem. Even the most chipper coworker in your office has less enthusiastic days, but if it becomes an everyday dread, this could impact your overall happiness and health.2. You can’t hide your disdain at work.If other people are noticing that you are cranky or unhappy, it’s not good. It could impact your relationship with your boss and be noted as a performance issue.3. You dislike your team.If you have issues working together with your immediate group on projects or their everyday habits are like nails on a chalkboard to you, the problem might not be them. It could be that you would fit in better somewhere else.4. You dislike your team leader.There are plenty of terrible bosses out there: mean, arrogant, and just plain incompetent. It’s also possible that he or she is a great person, but you just can’t flourish under their style of management. If you find yourself rolling your eyes every time you get an email from this person, it could be time to leave.5. Your personal life is affected by your job.Feeling overworked and unhappy can drag down other parts of your life. This can show itself in a variety of ways: feeling short-tempered with family or friends, having issues with sleep, or feeling anxiety over things that may not seem work-related. If you find that your general feeling of well-being is lower because of your work activities, it’s better to err on the side of self-interest.6. Your health is affected by your job.Stress-related illnesses are very much a thing. Working too hard or experiencing consistent stress can make you more susceptible to colds, flu, or any number of illnesses just waiting for a gap in your immune system caused by poor self-care. Anxiety disorders and depression are also conditions that can be made worse by staying in a job that causes you consistent stress.  Few jobs are forever, but your health is always going to be with you.7. Company morale is low.Shared misery can be a rallying point for coworkers when things are rough, but it could be that everyone is unhappy because something is seriously wrong at the upper management level. Even if you feel loyal to your company, it’s important to keep an eye on how things are going in general and to decide whether any issues are likely to be resolved in the short term. If not, you are not obligated to stick around if there are other opportunities.8. You don’t see how this job will advance your career.If you’ve moved up as far as y ou can in your current role without major personnel or company changes, consider whether there would be better chances for advancement somewhere else. Be proactive, instead of waiting patiently for someone else to retire or quit.9. You’re consistently bored at work.If you find yourself slacking or filling long hours between projects, it may be because you’re not being challenged enough by your job. Every job will have its boring moments, but overall it should be a role where the tasks make you feel engaged and productive. If that’s not happening, this job likely isn’t the right fit for you.10. You feel undervalued.We all have moments where we grumble that we aren’t being paid enough to deal with this *bleep*, but if you feel like your job responsibilities have seriously outpaced your paycheck, it’s time to re-evaluate. Do some research into salary ranges and compensation for your role at other companies. If you still feel like you are being under-compensated (and there’s no chance to negotiate more for yourself at your current place), it’s probably time to move on.

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Computers as Enhancement to the Early Childhood Learning Environment Essay

Computers as Enhancement to the Early Childhood Learning Environment - Essay Example They can use computers as educational tools rather than just toys for kids. Not only would they satisfy a child's curiosity, but they can guide and supervise the child in doing so. Specht et. al. (2002) conducted a survey in Canadian cities. They sent questionnaires to 196 Canadian educators. They wanted to assess the knowledge that the educators had about computers and what the educators feel about introducing computers in a child's learning environment. Overall, educators thought that the idea was good, and that they needed more knowledge regarding computers. The enhancement of children's learning environment using computers also relies heavily on the type of software that will be installed to the computer. The knowledge of the teachers and the developmental level of the children are also factors in the success of this activity. Computer programs that a child will be exposed to should be chosen with great care. Developmentally appropriate software should be appropriate for the age group. The correct software should be chosen with respect to the typical development stages of children in that age. The software should also be socially and culturally appropriate, which would be based on learning experiences when using the computer. Also, the software should be individually appropriate. ... oftware that can easily be controlled and manipulated by children so that the adults may allow them to use the computer independently which would support learning. Edwards also suggested that instead of containing violent images, the software should provide instructions clearly and should also contain non-violent animation that would capture the child's imagination. Edwards indicated that developmentally appropriate programs should also have a visual message and an auditory direction.Given developmentally appropriate software, a child who uses a computer would develop cognitive skills such as problem solving. When using a computer, a child will also try to focus on what he is doing, and will also try to concentrate. Computers would be a great enhancement to a learning environment. The right software would provide children entertainment while teach them about certain things. Images and sound are effective reinforcements in teaching a concept to a child. Edwards (2006) showed that computers give children the opportunity to take control, that there is actually an active engagement happening when a child is using a computer. When a child learns to use a computer, he may develop his independence. Gian Arnold Catangay, a six year old, knows how to use a computer. Whenever he has time he clicks on the browser and types on the address tab. He does this without the help of anyone. Some researchers fear that computers would isolate a child. But inside a classroom, a child who uses a computer may have one friend by his side or a many friends behind him. Children will also practice social skills like sharing and taking turns. Being exposed to a technology such as a computer at such an early age would not only help a child in learning, but